A turnover is a mistake by an offensive player that results in the defensive team gaining possession of the ball either:
– directly (e.g. intercepting a pass or taking the ball away),
– from a jump ball resulting from that mistake (determined by the alternating possession arrow)
A turnover can occur irrespective of whether the ball remains alive or becomes dead and can only be awarded to a player on the offensive team at the time of the incident.
A turnover occurs when the team in control of the ball makes an error that causes possession to be turned over to the opposition before attempting a field goal or free throw. Exception: If the failure to attempt a goal is due to the expiration of the game clock, no turnover is charged.
A team is in control of the ball when:
– A player of that team is holding or dribbling a live ball.
– The ball is at its disposal for a throw-in during an out-of-bounds situation.
– The ball is at its disposal for a free throw by one of its players.
– The ball is being passed between teammates.
If the offensive team is forced into a jump ball by the actions of a defensive player the direction of the possession arrow will determine the statistics to be awarded.
– If the offensive team gains possession
– NO statistics are awarded.
– If the defensive team gains possession
– award a turnover to the offensive player at fault and a steal to the defensive player that initiated the turnover.
Turnovers are recorded as one of the following types, depending on the software being used:
Ball-handling: An offensive player loses possession while holding or dribbling the ball or failing to catch a pass that should have been caught. On some statistics programs, a passing turnover is also included in this category.
Violation: Live Stats has sub categories under violations which may include: 3 second, 5 second, 8 second, 24 sec Shot Clock, Travel. Double Dribble. Back Court, Out of Bounds. Goal Tending A violation by an offensive player causes the turnover e.g. travel, three seconds in the key, stepping out of court when in control of the ball.
When the offensive team as a whole may contribute to causing a turnover. In all situations, the statistician must make the judgement which player was most responsible for the turnover (prior opportunity).
Offensive Foul: An offensive player, with or without the ball, commits a foul before a shot is attempted. This turnover is automatically recorded by the computer statistics program.
Passing (or Bad Pass): The turnover is the result of a bad pass.
It can sometimes be difficult to decide if the passer or receiver is responsible for a turnover when the receiver fumbles a pass. If the statistician considers the pass should have been caught, award the turnover to the receiver, but the general rule is that the passer is responsible for the pass.
In some situations, a turnover could be classified as more than one type, for example, when a bad pass causes a teammate to commit a violation by stepping out of court to retrieve the ball. The statistician must recognise how the turnover was originally caused. In this example, the bad pass caused the violation so credit the player that passed the ball with a passing turnover.
There are situations when a violation by a player causes possession to be awarded to the opposition or allows them an extra free throw(s). However, this is not a turnover unless that player’s team was in possession of the ball. For example, a violation by a defensive player during free throws that gives the shooter a substitute free throw is not a turnover. Another example is a violation at the jump ball to start a period. A turnover hasn’t been committed because neither team was in control, so possession hasn’t been turned over.
1. Saints 10 has the ball stolen from her as she is dribbling down the court. Saints 10 is charged with a ball-handling turnover.
2. Saints 10 makes a good pass but Saints 15 drops the ball, resulting in Devils 7 picking the ball up. Saints 15 is awarded a ball-handling turnover, Devils 7 does not receive a steal as they simply benefited from a mistake.
3. Saints 10 commits a violation (travels, double dribbles, etc.) that results in the other team receiving the ball. A violation turnover is credited to Saints 10.
4. Saints 10 fouls whilst his team is in offence (either charges a player or fouls without the ball). An offensive foul turnover is charged to Saints 10.
5. Saints 10 is in possession of the ball when Saints 9 and Devils 8 simultaneously commit double fouls. As the penalties cancel each other, Saints 10 is awarded he ball out of bounds. No statistics recorded.
6. Saints 10 is contesting the opening tip against Devils 9. Devils 9 catches the ball and the referee awards possession from the sideline. Jump Ball won by Saints 10, jump ball lost by Devils 9.